It is widely recognized as one of the great stories of all time, and has been a strong influence on later European, especially Renaissance, literature. The poem focuses on the Greek hero Odysseus or Ulyssesas he was known in Roman myths and his long journey home to Ithaca following the fall of Troy. His adventure-filled ten year journey took him through the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese and as far away as Egypt and North Africa and the western Mediteranean, as the displeased sea-god Poseidon prevented him from reaching his home.
Odysseus fought alongside the other Greek kings at Troy and now struggles to escape his imprisonment and return to his family in Ithaca. Despite being strong and brave, he is most recognized for his charm.
The goddess, Athena, takes a liking to Odysseus and regularly comes to his rescue. However, the king is the mortal enemy of the god of the sea, Poseidon, who never misses an opportunity to wreak havoc on his journey.
Telemachus The son of Odysseus and Penelope, he was just an infant when his father left for Troy. As the Odyssey begins, Telemachus is believed to be around twenty.
He stands in the way of a group of suitors who are all vying for the chance to court his mother, the queen. However, despite being courageous and a generally good man, Telemachus lacks the stamina and the confidence to stand up to them.
As he matures, largely as he ventures to Pylos and Sparta, along with the aid of Athena, his outlook changes and he becomes more willing to take a stance. Get The Assistance You Need! If this kind of assignment is unfamiliar to you or inspiration has suddenly left you, our writers and editors are eager to help!
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Get free access Penelope She is the mother of Telemachus and the wife of Odysseus. Queen Penelope spends her days inside the palace yearning for her husband who has been gone from the kingdom for nearly two decades.
She is portrayed as being excitable and flighty, but also steadfast, intelligent and loyal to her husband. Athena The goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and the womanly arts, Athena is the daughter of Zeus.
She aids Odysseus and Telemachus many times throughout the epic tale of the Odyssey, and she stands up to the council of the gods on Mount Olympus on their behalf.
Athena often appears disguised as Mentor, believed to be an old friend of Odysseus. Poseidon Poseidon is the god of the sea, he harbors an unwavering grudge towards Odysseus.
He hates the king for having blinded his son, the Cyclopes Polyphemus and spares no opportunity to wreak havoc on his journey back to the kingdom. Get free access Zeus The king of the gods, Zeus oversees the meeting of the gods on Mount Olympus as they weight the fate and future of Odysseus.
He often helps Odysseus or has Athena go to his aid. Antinous One of the suitors of Penelope, Antinous is the most arrogant. He spearheads a campaign to murder Telemachus. Unlike the other men in the mob of suitors, he is never seen sympathetically. When Odysseus returns, Antinous is the first to die.
Eurymachus He is a manipulative and deceitful man. Eurymachus is one of the suitors, and capable of influencing the others thanks to his charisma. Amphinomous A member of the mob of suitors, he is regarded as being the only decent man hoping to ask Penelope for her hand in marriage.
Amphinomus can sometimes be heard defending Odysseus and Telemachus, however, he also dies in the end. Eumaeus A loyal shepherd, who with the assistance of Philoetius, aids Odysseus in taking back the kingdom.
Despite not knowing that the beggar who attended his hut was Odysseus in disguise, Eumaeus welcomes the man and gives him food and a place to stay warm. Eurycleia serves as a confidante for her masters. She keeps Telemachus secret journey from Penelope, and later keeps the identity of Odysseus secret after recognizing him in his disguise.
Get free access Melanthius He is the brother of Melantho and an outspoken supporter of the suitors. She holds him captive for seven long years, and does not free him until Hermes, sent by Zeus, persuades her to allow Odysseus to craft a ship and sail home.
Polyphemus A member of the Cyclopes, and the son of Poseidon. Odysseus comes upon the island of Polyphemus soon after leaving Troy, where he and his men are imprisoned. Polyphemus plans to eat the men, but Odysseus uses his wit to outsmart the Cyclopes and ends up blinding him, starting a lifelong grudge with Poseidon.
Aided by Hermes, Odysseus is able to resist her powers and, instead, becomes her lover. He lives a luxurious life on her island for one year. Laertes The father of Odysseus, Laertes lives on a farm on the outskirts of Ithaca.
He is depressed and in steadily declining health.Detailed analysis of Characters in Homer's The Odyssey. Learn all about how the characters in The Odyssey such as Odysseus and Telemachus contribute to the story and how they fit into the plot. Literature Study Guides The Odyssey Character Analysis.
The Odyssey | Study Guide Homer. Study Guide Read Auden's poem, "The Shield of Achilles. An important factor to consider about Odysseus' homecoming is the hint at potential endings to the epic by using other characters as Nikos Kazantzakis aspires to continue the poem and explore more modern concerns in his epic poem The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel, which Reweaving the Feminine in Homer's Odyssey.
Lanham: Lexington Books, The Odyssey, Book I, Lines Homer SPEAK, MEMORY— Of the cunning hero, The wanderer, blown off course time and again After he plundered Troy's sacred heights. In the epic The Odyssey by Homer, minor characters play a considerable role in the development of the plot.
One may often think that a few major characters propel a story’s plot, but in The Odyssey a few minor characters have the ability to change the story completely.
The Odyssey by Homer is an epic poem that has survived thousands of years! It is the story of Odysseus, the crafty king of Ithaca, whose Trojan Horse idea helped win the war with Troy.
Following his victory in Troy, he encounters many trials that delay him . Also such female characters as Arete, Circe, Calypso, Helen and Athena are impressive and intriguing.
Characters of there women help to understand the degree mortal women were respected and regarded in Ancient Greece. All women of the epic poem are unique. The goddesses play very demanding, controlling roles in “The Odyssey”.