Recent immigrants and international students in Sydney, N. The Hamadi family fled their war-torn home in Syria and spent four years in Lebanon before immigrating to Cape Breton two years ago. Chinese Immigrants Drawn To Illicit Indoor Grows Earlier this week in Tacoma, Washington, police tactical squads staged coordinated raids on middle class homes converted into indoor pot farms. What the authorities found follows a recent pattern in West Coast states:
History of immigration to Canada and History of Canadian nationality law A collection of four maps showing the distribution of the Canadian population for NewfoundlandNewfoundlandand by historical region.
Come to Stay, printed in in the Canadian Illustrated Newswhich refers to immigration to the " Dominion ". After the initial period of British and French colonizationfour major waves or peaks of immigration and settlement of non-aboriginal peoples took place over a period of almost two centuries.
The fifth wave is currently occurring. First wave[ edit ] The first wave of significant, non-aboriginal immigration to Canada occurred over almost two centuries with slow but progressive French settlement of Quebec and Acadia with smaller numbers of American and European entrepreneurs in addition to British military personnel.
Some of these later made their way to Ontario. A second wave of 30, Americans settled in Ontario and the Eastern Townships between the late s and with promises of land.
Some several thousands of Gaelic-speaking Scottish Highlanders from forced land clearances in Scotland migrated to Cape BretonNova Scotia and parts of Eastern Ontario during this period.
It marked a new age for Canada and its people.
Second wave[ edit ] The second wave, mainly consisting of British and Irish immigrants or the Great Migrationencouraged immigrants to settle in Canada after the War ofand included British army regulars who had served in that war.
The colonial governors of Canada, who were worried about another American invasion attempt and to counter the French-speaking influence of Quebec, rushed to promote settlement in back country areas along newly constructed plank roads within organized land tracts, mostly in Upper Canada present-day Ontariomuch of the settlements were organized by large companies to promote clearing, and thus farming of land lots.
With the second wave Irish immigration to Canada had been increasing, small numbers to organized land settlements but many more arriving to work on canals, timber, railroads and then peaked when the Irish Potato Famine occurred from to resulting in hundreds of thousands more Irish arriving on Canada's shores, although a portion migrated on to the United Stateseither in the short-term or over the subsequent decades.
This movement of people is known as the Great Migration boosted Canada's population from approximatelyin to 2.
The French-speaking population was roughlyin and had increased to approx. Demographically it had swung to a majority English-speaking country. The Dominion Lands Act of copied the American system by offering ownership of acres of land free except for a small registration fee to any man over 18 or any woman heading a household.
They did not need to be citizens, but had to live on the plot and improve it. Also during this period, Canada became a port of entry for many Europeans seeking to gain entry into the U.
Canadian transportation companies advertised Canadian ports as a hassle-free way to enter the U. If found, the transporting companies were responsible for shipping the persons back.
He removed obstacles that included control of the lands by companies or organizations that did little to encourage settlement. Land companies, the Hudson's Bay Company, and school lands all accounted for large tracts of excellent land.
The railways kept closed even larger tracts because they were reluctant to take legal title to the even-numbered lands they were due, thus blocking sale of odd-numbered tracts.
Sifton broke the legal log jam, and set up aggressive advertising campaigns in the U. He also brokered deals with ethnic groups that wanted large tracts for homogeneous settlement. His goal was to maximize immigration from Britain, eastern Canada and the U.
The fourth wave came from Europe after the Second World War, peaking atin Many were from Italy and Portugal. Pier 21 in Halifax, Nova Scotia was an influential port for European immigration; Pier 21 receivedItalians between until it ceased operations inmaking Italians the third largest ethnic group to immigrate to Canada during that time period.
For example, Ukrainian Canadians accounted for the largest Ukrainian population outside Ukraine and Russia. The Church of England took up the role of introducing British values to farmers newly arrived on the prairies. In practice, they clung to their traditional religious affiliations. Canadianization was a high priority for new arrivals lacking a British cultural background.
In terms of economic opportunity, Canada was most attractive to farmers headed to the Prairies, who typically came from eastern and central Europe. Immigrants from Britain preferred urban life. This was largely influenced in when the Immigration Act was revised and this continued to be official government policy.
During the Mulroney government, immigration levels were increased. By the late s, the fifth wave of immigration has maintained with slight fluctuations since ,—, annually.
Currently, most immigrants come from South Asia, China and Caribbean and this trend is expected to continue.The history of Chinese Americans or the history of ethnic Chinese in the United States relates to the three major waves of Chinese immigration to the United States with the first beginning in the 19th century.
Chinese immigrants in the 19th century worked as laborers, particularly on the transcontinental railroad, such as the Central Pacific Railroad. The Naturalization Act of established the first rules for acquiring citizenship in the United States of America.
The act created a uniform rule of naturalization and a . Immigration to Canada is the process by which people migrate to Canada to reside in that country. The majority of these individuals become Canadian regardbouddhiste.com , domestic immigration law and policy went through major changes, most notably with the Immigration Act, , and the current Immigration and Refugee Protection Act from In Canada there are four categories of immigrants.
The authors of From China to Canada, state that in the first Chinese arrived directly from Hong Kong and the following year some 4, Chinese immigrants landed at Victoria.
It is further estimated that 2, arrived in the first part of Group of Chinese people, Vancouver, British Columbia, circa This database provides access to references to Chinese immigrants who arrived in Canada between and The names were extracted from the following series of records.
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