Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence, leading to The Singularity — technological change so rapid and profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history.
Stem cells are a special form of human life: They have a unique feature in that they can be coaxed into developing into some or all of the cell types found in the human body. Eventually, stem cells may be routinely used by doctors to generate new organs or new replacement body parts for people: They might become a new pancreas to cure a person with diabetes, or new nerve cells to cure a paralized person, etc.
There are three types of stem cells: A pre-embryo -- a just fertilized embryo called a blastocyst -- consists of many undifferentiated stem cells surrounded by a covering.
Embryonic stem cells are usually obtained by a destructive process that extracts the cells while killing the blastocyst itself. Embryonic stem cells can theoretically become any of the cell types found in the human body. Thus they can theoretically be made into any organ or body part.
Many religious and social conservatives who are also pro-life believe that a pre-embryo from which embryonic stem cells are removed is an actual human person perhaps one with a soul.
|Cloning is Unethical Essay Sample||They would prefer to end their life rather than continue until their body finally gives up. Does the state have a right to deny them their wish?|
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|Get Full Essay||However, it is essentially asking the same thing. As people live longer and longer, the idea of cloning human beings in order to provide spare parts is becoming a reality.|
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The process of extracting the cells is then considered to have intentionally murdered that person. Others disagree, and believe that human personhood starts much later, sometime during the embryonic, fetal or newborn stage.
No scientific test has ever proven the existence of a soul. Obtaining adult stem cells is a non-destructive process. Thus if the stem cells are used to fabricate a new organ or body part, there is no possibility of rejection.
Also, research has been underway for about 25 years more than embryonic stem cells, so that they are now routinely used in medical procedures. In comparison, embryonic stem cell reasearch are still at the initial experimental trial state.
They are less useful in that they have already started to specialize and can only become one of a few cell types.
Induced pluripotent stem cells iPS are specially treated ordinary adult cells that can be processed to behave somewhat like embryonic stem cells.
This is a recent development that offers great promise. Shinya Yamanaka discovered a method of doing this; he won a Nobel Prize for his discovery. This technique avoids the need to remove cells from a human blatocyst, a living, fertilized ovum, which has major ethical problems for many people.
The National Institutes of Health web site states: The following is a list of steps in successful cell-based treatments that scientists will have to learn to control to bring such treatments to the clinic.
To be useful for transplant purposes, stem cells must be reproducibly made to:Human Technology and Ethics. Search this site. Home. Masashi Yoshida.
Essay: Human Cloning and Ethical Problems. Links. Essay: Human Cloning and Ethical Problems. It will be necessary to look for alternatives for research tools and human testing.
[tags: Ethical Issues, Cloning] words ( pages) Good Essays [preview] Attack of the Cloning Regulations Essay - Attack of the Cloning Regulations Better and new technologies and ideas are constantly introduced through the passage of time, most of . Applied Ethics.
Under what conditions is an abortion morally permissible? Does a citizen have a moral obligation to actively participate (perhaps by voting) in the democratic process of one’s nation (assuming one is living in a democracy)?
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Cloning is Unethical Essay Sample Americans find cloning to be “Morally wrong”, reveals (Pro-life Activists, ) “When a moral rule is violated, it is then considered to be unethical.
The report will discuss the science of cloning, and the ethical and legal considerations of applications of cloning technology. It will also set out recommendations to the legislature regarding regulation of human cloning. The legislature plans to take up this discussion after .