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The European Union is trying to pass a hotly debated law on copyright. The reforms will get voted on again in September after policy makers do some tinkering. EU Parliament vote means your memes are safe Some hail it as evidence that the EU is leading the way when it comes to regulating the internet.
The pending Copyright Directive, however, is meeting with the opposite reaction. What is the European Copyright Directive and why are people against it?
The last EU-wide copyright law was put in place inwhen the internet was a dramatically different place to how it is today. The legislation, however, is vague -- one of the criticisms against it -- in terms of what actually needs to change and how it will be upheld.
But there are two sections in particular that have drawn criticism for being overly harsh: Article 13, and to a lesser extent, Article The impact, its critics say, could mean a substantially more closed internet of the future.
Who is in favor of the directive? Alex Voss, rapporteur of the European Parliament for the copyright directive, for one. He suggested the law and believes its criticisms are highly exaggerated. Many members of the European Parliament also support the overhaul of EU copyright law.
She suggests her amendments "fairly balance the interests of different groups without compromising on fundamental rights. Article 13 would force all online platforms to police and prevent the uploading of copyrighted content, or make people seek the correct licenses to post that content.
YouTube already uses such a system -- called Content ID -- to protect copyright infringement, but the technology to do this is extremely expensive and has taken over 11 years to build and refine.
Who has a problem with it and why? The concerns about Article 13 are wide-ranging, encompassing factors including unease about the cost of compliance for smaller companies, and out-and-out censorship of the internet.
In a letter addressed to the president of the EP, Antoni Tajaniaround 70 internet luminaries, including Vint Cerf and Tim Berners-Lee, expressed their concern that the provision could cause "substantial harm" to the internet. An organized campaign against Article 13 warns that it would affect everything from memes to code, remixes to livestreaming.
Almostpeople have so far signed a Change. The Max Planck Institutea nonprofit group, notes that Article 13 could threaten freedom of expression and information as enshrined in the European Charter of Human Rights. What is Article 11?
A second part of the draft legislation, Article 11, is also raising eyebrows. This section stipulates that companies like Google, Facebook and Microsoft may have to pay publishers for showing snippets of news articles.
There are fears it could outlaw news aggregators as we know them or even prevent any sites other than giants like Google, which could afford a license, from linking to articles at all.
How will this affect Facebook and other social-media companies? The law would force social media platforms to take more direct responsibility for policing uploaded content.
Big tech companies will likely put their own, costly solutions in place for doing this. Smaller companies would likely use a more centralized platform.
It would also prevent social platforms from showing any kind of "snippet" of news stories, making it ultimately harder to share and link to content. How will this affect me, an EU resident? Everything you upload onto the internet will be checked for copyright beforehand, so this could mean no more making memes or edits for your favorite fan Tumblr, among many other things.
It could also mean the end of some of your favorite news aggregation tools and apps. When you click on a link, you may have little clue ahead of time what lies beyond.
How will this affect me, a non-EU resident? Each territory is governed by its own copyright laws, so unless the directive causes the big internet companies to make some huge, fundamental changes, you might not be directly affected.
Will the directive definitely pass into law? The July 5 vote by the EU Parliament was a narrow one: Next comes more debate and potential amendments en route to a new vote in September If it eventually passes in Parliament, the measure then needs to be approved by each member state through the Council of the EU, before returning to Parliament for a final vote, potentially in December or January.Liability of Intermediary Service Providers in the EU Directive on Electronic Commerce Pablo Baistrocchi,Liability of Intermediary Service Providers in the EU Directive on Electronic Commerce, 19Santa Clara High Tech.
L.J (). been awarded a Certificate in European Law from the European University Institute in Florence. Jun 16, · A "directive" is a legislative act that sets out a goal that all EU countries must achieve. However, it is up to the individual countries to devise their own laws on how to reach these goals.
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The devil remains in the detail; the next few months will see the EU institutions try to get the Directive into final form for it to become law and there remain opportunities for those disappointed by today’s vote to try to alter the drafting.
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