October 16, The following is the second in a two-part series that was written and researched by The Utah Investigative Journalism Project in partnership with The Salt Lake Tribune. Read Part 1 here. Anthony Adams, a gay, black socialist activist, was found brutally stabbed to death in his Salt Lake City Avenues apartment on Nov.
The Controversy and the Challenge Resources on this Site: The Struggle for Tolerance by Peaches Henry. Racism and Huckleberry Finn by Allen Webb includes list of works for teaching about slavery. The Struggle for Tolerance: Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn, In the long controversy that has been Huckleberry Finn's history, the novel has been criticized, censored, and banned for an array of perceived failings, including obscenity, atheism, bad grammar, coarse manners, low moral tone, and antisouthernism.
Eliot, by declaring it "a masterpiece," 3 struck the novel certainly its most fateful and possibly its most fatal blow. Trilling's and Eliot's resounding endorsements provided Huck with the academic respectability and clout that assured his admission into America's classrooms.
Huck's entrenchment in the English curricula of junior and senior high schools coincided with Brown vs.
Topeka Board of Education, the Supreme Court case that ended public school segregation, legally if not actually, in Desegregation and the civil rights movement deposited Huck in the midst of American literature classes which were no longer composed of white children only, but now were dotted with black youngsters as well.
In the faces of these children of the revolution, Huck met the group that was to become his most persistent and formidable foe. For while the objections of the Gilded Age, of fundamentalist religious factions, and of unreconstructed Southerners had seemed laughable and transitory, the indignation of black students and their parents at the portrayal of blacks in Huck Finn was not at all comical and has not been short-lived.
The presence of black students in the classrooms of white America the attendant tensions of a country attempting to come to terms with its racial tragedies, and the new empowerment of blacks to protest led to Huck Finn's greatest struggle with censorship and banning.
Though blacks may have previously complained about the racially offensive tone of the novel, it was not until September that the New York Times reported the first case that brought about official reaction and obtained public attention for the conflict.
The book was no longer available for classroom use at the elementary and junior high school levels, but could be taught in high school and purchased for school libraries.
Though the Board of Education acknowledged no outside pressure to ban the use of Huck Finn, a representative of one publisher said that school officials had cited "some passages derogatory to Negroes" as the reason for its contract not being renewed.
The NAACP, denying that it had placed any organized pressure on the board to remove Huck Finn, nonetheless expressed displeasure with the presence of "racial slurs" and "belittling racial designations" in many of Twain's works.
The discontent with the racial attitudes of Huck Finn that began in has surfaced periodically over the past thirty years. In the Philadelphia Board of Education, after removing Huck Finn, replaced it with an adapted version which "tone[d] down the violence, simplify[d] the Southern dialect, and delete[d] all derogatory references to Negroes.
A decision by the school's principal to yield to the Human Relations Committee's recommendations was later overridden by the superintendent of schools. Since the Fairfax County incident, he has appeared on ABC's "Nightline" and CNN's "Freeman Reports" and has traveled the country championing the cause of black children who he says are embarrassed and humiliated by the legitimization of "nigger" in public schools.
Devoted to the eradication of Huck Finn from the schools, he has "authored" an adapted version of Twain's story. To condemn concerns about the novel as the misguided rantings of "know nothings and noise makers" 11 is no longer valid or profitable; nor can the invocation of Huck's immunity under the protectorate of "classic" suffice.
Such academic platitudes no longer intimidate, nor can they satisfy, parents who have walked the halls of the university and have shed their awe of academe.
If the academic establishment remains unmoved by black readers' dismay, the news that Huck Finn ranks ninth on the list of thirty books most frequently challenged 12 should serve as testimony that the book's "racial problem" is one of more consequence than the ancillary position to which scholars have relegated it.
The debate surrounding the racial implications of Huck Finn and its appropriateness for the secondary school classroom gives rise to myriad considerations. The actual matter and intent of the text are a source of contention.
The presence of the word "nigger," the treatment of Jim and blacks in general, the somewhat difficult satiric mode, and the ambiguity of theme give pause to even the most flexible reader. Moreover, as numerous critics have pointed out, neither junior high nor high school students are necessarily flexible or subtle readers.
The very profundity of the text renders the process of teaching it problematic and places special emphasis on teacher ability and attitude.
Student cognitive and social maturity also takes on special significance in the face of such a complicated and subtle text.A case Study of the Wallace Group Introduction The Wallace Group is a product of diversification strategies taken upon By Mr. Wallace, who originally just wanted his, then defense-related dependent, Electronics Business gain a foothold of the private market within the electronics industry.
Latest news, business, sport, comment, lifestyle and culture from the Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph newspapers and video from Telegraph TV. CHAPTER 1 The Need for Effective Communication A.
Introduction B. The Need to Study Report Writing C. The Importance of Communication 1. Communication Within a Law Enforcement Environment 2. Communication Within the Community D. Written Communication Techniques E.
Rules for Improvement 1. Rules of Capitalization 2. Frequently Confused Words 3. of this Corporate Governance Case Studies Collection was published last year, Singapore’s Code of Corporate Governance has been revised by the Monetary Authority of Singapore.
While not mandatory, publicly-listed companies are expected to comply with the Code’s guidelines which form a principles-based approach to prudent corporate governance.
The Wallace Group - Case Study Essay example. Case Study The Wallace Group The Wallace Group case study is a classic reflection of challenges and opportunities confronted by a company undergoing the process of organizational transformation.
Entrepreneurship (CASE) today released the Impact Investment Clean Energy and Climate Solutions Sector Highlights Report to describe progress on commitments to invest in clean energy and climate solutions made at the June White House Roundtable on Impact Investing.
From the $ billion committed to new impact investments last June.