His dedication to education earned him the Order of St. Vladimirwhich bestowed on him the status of hereditary nobleman. They were followed by three more children, Olga bornDmitry bornand Maria born Two later siblings died in infancy.
Russia, they believed, was immune to capitalism, owing to the circumstances of joint ownership of peasant land by the village commune. This view had been first attacked by Plekhanov in the s.
Plekhanov had argued that Russia had already entered the capitalist stage, looking for evidence to the rapid growth of industry. Despite the denials of the Populistshe claimed, the man of the future in Russia was indeed the proletarian, not the peasant.
While attempting to apply the Was the leadership of lenin the scheme of social development to Russia, Plekhanov had come to the conclusion that the revolution in Russia would have to pass through two discrete stages: But, almost immediately, Lenin went a step beyond his former mentor, especially with regard to the peasant question.
In an attack on the Populists published inLenin charged that, even if they realized their fondest dream and divided all the land among the peasant communes, the result would not be Socialism but rather capitalism spawned by a free market in agricultural produce.
Even while in exile in Siberia, Lenin had begun research on his investigation of the peasant question, which culminated in his magisterial Development of Capitalism in Russia published legally in In this work, a study of Russian economics, he argued that capitalism was rapidly destroying the peasant commune.
An abortive First Congress, held in in Minskhad failed to achieve this objective, for most of the delegates were arrested shortly after the congress. The organizing committee of the Second Congress decided to convene the congress in Brussels inbut police pressure forced it to transfer to London.
The congressional sessions wore on for nearly three weeks, for no point appeared too trivial to debate.
Lenin was a good leader; he had many great leadership skills. His slogans were genius; he attracted so many people to side with him. The factors that he used in his speeches, such as equality was great for him, the people of Russia loved the fact that he seemed to care about equality. Watch video · Vladimir Lenin was founder of the Russian Communist Party, leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and architect and first head of the Soviet state. Vladimir Lenin was a Russian revolutionary leader and theorist, who presided over the first government of Soviet Russia and then that of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
The main issues, nevertheless, quickly became plain: Capitalism, he contended, predisposed the workers to the acceptance of Socialism but did not spontaneously make them conscious Socialists. At the Second Congress the Iskra group split, and Lenin found himself in a minority of opinion on this very issue.
According to Lenin the party had to be a highly centralized body organized around a small, ideologically homogeneous, hardened core of experienced professional revolutionaries, who would be elected to the central committee by the party congress and who would lead a ramified hierarchy of lower party organizations that would enjoy the support and sympathy of the proletariat and all groups opposed to tsarism.
But a walkout by a disgruntled group of Jewish Social-Democrats, the Bund, left Lenin with a slight majority. The two groups fought each other ceaselessly within the same RSDWP and professed the same program untilwhen Lenin made the split final at the Prague Conference of the Bolshevik Party.
Challenges of the Revolution of and World War I The differences between Lenin and the Mensheviks became sharper in the Revolution of and its aftermath, when Lenin moved to a distinctly original view on two issues: The outbreak of the revolution, in Januaryfound Lenin abroad in Switzerland, and he did not return to Russia until November.
Immediately Lenin set down a novel strategy. But the Mensheviks argued that the bourgeois revolution must be led by the bourgeoisiewith whom the proletariat must ally itself in order to make the democratic revolution.
This would bring the liberal bourgeoisie to full power, whereupon the RSDWP would act as the party of opposition.Lenin was born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov on April 22, , to an upper-middle class family in the Russian town of Simbirsk, on the Volga River.
His father was an inspector of schools, and died in The next year his older brother, Alexander, was executed for taking part in a plot to assassinate. Lenin immediately ordered the Red Army to abolish this revolt, this caused 20, casualties and all leaders of the revolt were executed.
Though Lenin thought it was best to keep his people under control, his leadership tactic was extremely harsh and causing . When the Socialist Revolutionary Party's leadership was found guilty of conspiring against the government in a trial held between June and August , Lenin called for their execution; they were instead imprisoned indefinitely, only being executed during the Great Purges of Stalin's leadership.
Lenin saw this "potential motive for followers" to help satisfy their "higher needs" Promised Peace, Bread, Land Gaining Control There was a successful coup d'etat of the Provisional Government by the Bolsheviks and the Red Guards. Nov 09, · Watch video · Vladimir Lenin, the architect of the Bolshevik Revolution and the first leader of the Soviet Union, dies of a brain hemorrhage at the age of In the early s, Lenin abandoned his law career.
A reflection on the Soviet Union and its leaders. The Soviet Union grew out of the revolution lead by men like Lenin and Stalin to eventually become a world superpower to challenge the United States for world dominance for the second half of the 20th century.